Causes & Cures of Relationship Problems
If your car was stuck in sand, would you continue to press on the gas pedal or would you get out and figure out a new line of action? Most people would do the latter. Yet, when it comes to relationships, people often keep their foot on the gas and dig themselves deeper. A man may continue to provoke his spouse to be “rebellious” by attempting to control her. A woman may drive her partner further away by chasing him when he distances. How do these vicious cycles get started? The answer lies in the mystery of romance. High levels of attraction actually produce a chemical change. A person’s system becomes flooded with endorphins, nature’s painkiller, and while on this “high” it is easy to be blinded to signs of trouble. This type of attraction is often created because:
Often, the seeds of trouble are sown when the relationship becomes “official” and partners make a commitment. Each person begins to focus on being taken care of and is less inclined to accommodate the other’s needs. As a result, full-fledged conflict may emerge or resentments may slowly build over the years. For example, a woman may wake up and realize that her efforts to be docile and compliant are never going to win her the approval she seeks; or a wife’s warmth and attentiveness may suddenly seem like a demand for smothering closeness.
When unresolved resentments build, the differences that were once a source of attraction become sore spots. Instead of complementing each other, differences begin producing conflict. The ways couples can “polarize” their differences are endless:
FROM DESIRABLE DIFFERENCES TO INCOMPATIBLE POLARITIES
In healthy relationships, differences are interchangeable and a source of learning. Partners can take turns giving and receiving or being spontaneous and setting limits. The relationship achieves a balance of closeness and freedom so that neither suffocation nor detachment results. Unfortunately, when both people in the relationship resist fulfilling their potentials, they become stuck playing certain roles and cease growing. A couple may be satisfied acting out this polarization for years until a crisis occurs. For example, a woman who stubbornly holds onto her role as nurturer (out of a fear of her own “selfishness”) may find this too taxing when she starts working. To make the relationship more open and flexible, one person must change and allow the other to be upset. If this is done with firmness and sympathy, even rigid “tyrants” can realize their partners can act independently and remain committed to the relationship.
Recent research on the brain and nervous system explains how common male-female patterns can become stuck in gender polarities:
Although male distancing/detachment and female closeness/caretaking patterns can be common, a free-spirited, self-absorbed woman can trigger a man to be dependent and doting. Likewise, a talkative man may prod a woman to be the guardian of space and distance in the relationship. Furthermore, polarities are not stable and can flip-flop wildly over time. When a woman who has fought for closeness for years gives up and decides to exit the relationship, a man who was previously distant may pursue ardently. To discover the polarities in your relationship, create a metaphor:
Exercise: Relationship Metaphors
Ideas on infatuation come from Getting the Love You Want by Harville Hendrix. (Henry Holt, 1988).
The corpus callosum is the mass of fibers connecting the right and left sides of the brain. Information on physical gender differences was taken from Divorce Busting by Michele Weiner-David (Simon & Schuster, 1992), pp. 50–51.
Exercise from The Process of Change by Peggy Papp (Guilford Press, 1983), p. 142.